Years ago,, the international caretaker of the , developed an alternative dispute resolution policy (UDRP) for the resolution domain name disputes in the so called gTLDs. These are zones of a generic nature, such as .com, .org and .net.
The introduction of new gTLDs (including .vlaanderen and .brussels) means that theprocedure also extends to these new domain names.
The UDRP procedure is nearly identical to the existingprocedure for .be domain names. The latter was originally developed based on the UDRP rules.
ICANN itself doesn't manage any disputes under the UDRP, but trusts the management to a number of UDRP providers. Much like how https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/providers-6d-2012-02-25-enacts for the .be dispute resolution, these UDRP providers will follow up on the whole dispute and take care of the administrative and judicial settlement. The most relevant UDRP providers for Belgian litigants are: WIPO, National Arbitration Forum and Czech Arbitration Court. The full list of approved URDP providers can be found here:
Registrants of .vlaanderen or .brussels domain names agreed to participate in good order to the UDRP procedures raised against them and the possible results when they accepted the terms and conditions.
Every stakeholder can start the UDRP procedure at one of the approved UDRP providers to resolve a dispute concerning a .vlaanderen or .brussels domain name. The dispute will be judged by an independent juridical expert in the matter (Panelist) or a group of 3 experts (Panel). The expert or the group can decide to delete the domain name, of to transfer it to the plaintiff.
An overview of the URDP policy can be found here:
A complaint from a third party against the .vlaanderen or .brusselswill only be taken into care by the UDRP provider if the complaint was filed according to the conditions and after payment of the costs for the procedure.
To obtain the transfer of a domain name, three cumulative conditions must be proven:
The costs of the procedure are for the account of the plaintiff who starts the procedure. The costs depend on the number of domain names that are the subject of the complaint, the choice for one single expert of a group of expert and the specific UDRP provider of the plaintiff's choice.
For a dispute case concerning one domain name, tried by one single expert, the cost will vary between 1,300 and 1,500 USD.